History of Fairfax County

History of Fairfax County 1600 – 1899

1600
  • 1742

    Establishment

    Fairfax County was founded from the formation of Prince William County.

  • 1757

    Formation

    Present day Loudoun and Fairfax counties were divided.

  • 1865

    Rights

    Economic rebuilding began after the Civil War. Black citizens were given the right to vote and own property.

  • 1944

    NAACP

    The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was chartered in Fairfax County in May.

  • 1951

    Education

    Black students demanded that they receive education that was equal to white students. The NAACP filed a case in the Supreme Court which became known as Brown v. Board of Education.

  • 1959

    Education

    Tuition grants from the state and tax credits from the county allowed for the funding of private schools to educate white children as a way to resist school integration.

  • 1990

    Housing

    The Affordable Dwelling Unit Rental Program began in the county.

  • 2015

    Housing

    The county launched its “Strategic Plan to Facilitate Economic Success” with affordable housing as one of its main goals.

  • 2016

    The Fairfax County Economic Development Authority adopted a mission statement that focused on equitable quality of life.

  • 2017

    One Fairfax

    The “One Fairfax” resolution was passed with a focus on equity.

  • 2017

    Education

    The Fairfax County School Board voted to formally support and endorse the “Fairfax County Statement on Diversity and Inclusion.”

 

Sources:

  • “Community Health Improvement Plan 2013-2018.” fairfaxcounty.gov/livehealthy. N.p., n.d. Web.
  • “Timeline of Fairfax County History.” research.fairfaxcounty.gov. Fairfax County Virginia, n.d. Web.
  • “One Fairfax Policy.” fairfaxcounty.gov. Fairfax County Virginia, 21 Nov. 2017. Web.
  • “About the FCEDA.” fairfaxcountyeda.org. Fairfax County Economic Development Authority, n.d. Web.
  • “History of Fairfax, Virginia.” fairfaxcountyeda.org. Fairfax County Economic Development Authority, n.d. Web.
  • “Human Rights and Equity Programs.” Fairfaxcounty.gov. Fairfax County Virginia, n.d. Web.
  • “Fairfax County Public School Board Formally Supports County’s Statement on Diversity and Inclusion.” fcps.edu. Fairfax County Public Schools, 07 Apr. 2017. Web.
  • “Minority Student Achievement Oversight Committee (MSAOC).” fcps.edu. Fairfax County Public Schools. Web.
  • “National Inclusive Schools Week.” fcps.edu. Fairfax County Public Schools. Web.
  • “FCRHA Awards $1.6M in Federal Funds to Local Non-Profit Housing Organizations.” goodhousing.org. Good Shepherd Housing, 26 Jan. 2018. Web.
  • Levine, David. “One Fairfax Resolution.” goodhousing.org. Good Shepherd Housing, 15 July 2016. Web.